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Kev Muaj Hnub Nyoog

Txhawm rau siv Alphagreenvape lub vev xaib koj yuav tsum muaj hnub nyoog 21 xyoos lossis tshaj saud. Thov txheeb xyuas koj lub hnub nyoog ua ntej nkag mus rau hauv lub xaib.

Peb siv cov ncuav qab zib los txhim kho peb lub vev xaib thiab koj cov kev paub pom nws. Los ntawm txuas ntxiv mus xauj peb lub vev xaib koj lees txais peb cov khoom qab zib txoj cai.

Thov txim, koj lub hnub nyoog tsis tau tso cai.

Cochrane, yog lub koom haum saib xyuas kev kho mob thoob ntiaj teb: luam yeeb hauv E-luam yeeb muaj cov txiaj ntsig ntawm txiav kev haus luam yeeb, thiab cov nyhuv hloov lwm txoj kev kho mob

Lub Kaum Hli 15, Kev Koom Tes ntawm Cochrane (Cochrane Kev Koom Tes, tomqab no hu ua Cochrane), lub koomhaum pabcuam kev kawm hauv tebchaws tau pov thawj tshuaj, tau qhia nyob rau hauv nws cov kev tshawb fawb tshiab tshaj plaws txog 50 txoj haujlwm tau ua rau ntau dua 10,000 tus neeg haus luam yeeb thoob ntiaj teb kev tshawb fawb muaj. ua pov thawj tias e-luam yeeb muaj cov nyhuv ntawm kev txiav luam yeeb, thiab cov txiaj ntsig ntawm kev hloov kho nicotine txuas ntxiv thiab lwm yam kev sib txuas.

Cochrane piav qhia tias cov nyhuv ntawm kev siv nicotine e-luam yeeb los txiav luam yeeb yog qhov zoo dua li siv cov kev hloov pauv nicotine thiab e-luam yeeb uas tsis suav txog cov nicotine.

Tus xibfwb Peter Hajek, tus kws sau ntawv ntawm Cochrane tshuaj xyuas thiab tus thawj coj ntawm Pab Pawg Saib Xyuas Kev Haus Luam Yeeb ntawm poj huab tais Mary University ntawm London, hais tias: "Cov ntsiab lus tshiab ntawm e-luam yeeb qhia tau tias ntau tus neeg haus luam yeeb, e-luam yeeb yog ib qho txiaj ntsig zoo rau txiav luam yeeb. Nws tseem ceeb heev kom nco ntsoov tias, tau ntev txog ob xyoos, tsis muaj ib qho ntawm kev tshawb nrhiav pom pom tias kev siv luam yeeb hauv hluav taws xob ua rau tib neeg raug mob. "

Piv nrog rau lwm cov kev kho mob, cov luam yeeb hauv e-luam yeeb muaj cov pa luam yeeb ntau dua.

Founded hauv 1993, Cochrane yog lub koomhaum non-profit muaj npe nyob hauv nco txog Archiebald L. Cochrane, tus tsim ntawm cov pov thawj tshuaj. Nws tseem yog qhov pom zoo tshaj plaws uas muaj pov thawj raws li kev kho mob koom haum kho mob hauv ntiaj teb. Txog tam sim no, nws muaj ntau dua 37,000 tus neeg tuaj yeem pab hauv ntau dua 170 lub tebchaws. Ib tug.

Cov ntawv tshuaj muaj pov thawj raws cai, uas yog, tshuaj raws li pov thawj sib luag, yog qhov txawv ntawm cov tshuaj ib txwm muaj raws li kev siv tshuaj. Cov kev txiav txim siab tseem ceeb rau kev kho mob yuav tsum yog raws cov pov thawj tshawb fawb txog kev tshawb fawb zoo tshaj plaws. Yog li, cov ntaub ntawv pov thawj tshuaj tshawb fawb yuav txawm hais tias muaj cov neeg siv ntau qhov kev soj ntsuam hauv kev soj ntsuam, ntsuas cov txheej txheem, tshuaj xyuas kab mob, thiab tom qab ntawd faib cov theem ntawm cov pov thawj tau txais raws li cov qauv, uas yog nruj heev.

Hauv txoj kev tshawb nrhiav no, Cochrane pom 50 txoj kev tshawb fawb los ntawm 13 lub tebchaws suav nrog Tebchaws Meskas thiab Tebchaws Askiv, uas muaj 12,430 tus neeg haus luam yeeb loj. Nws tau qhia tias nrog kev siv cov nicotine hloov txoj kev kho (xws li thaj chaw muaj nicotine, cov pos hniav nicotine) lossis qib e-luam yeeb uas tsis suav txog cov nicotine, ntau tus neeg siv cov nicotine e-luam yeeb los txiav luam yeeb rau tsawg kawg rau lub hlis.

 

Reuters tau tshaj tawm cov txiaj ntsig ntawm Cochrane txoj kev tshawb fawb: "Qhov tshuaj xyuas pom: sau rau hauv pos hniav lossis thaj, e-luam yeeb muaj txiaj ntsig zoo dua rau kev txiav luam yeeb."

Tshwj xeeb rau cov ntaub ntawv, suav qhov tseeb, 10 tawm ntawm txhua 100 tus neeg uas txiav luam yeeb haus luam yeeb siv cov nicotine e-luam yeeb tuaj yeem ua tiav kev haus luam yeeb; tawm ntawm txhua 100 tus neeg uas txiav luam yeeb siv nicotine hloov txoj kev kho lossis e-luam yeeb uas tsis suav txog cov pa luam yeeb, tsuas yog 6 tus neeg tuaj yeem txiav luam yeeb tau zoo, piv rau lwm yam kev kho, nicotine e-luam yeeb muaj ntau dua kev txiav luam yeeb.

Kab lus no, ib qho ntawm tus sau txog cov ntsiab lus, xibfwb Caitlin Notley ntawm University of East Anglia's Norwich School of Medicine hauv tebchaws Askiv tau hais tias: "Ib qho ntawm cov qauv siv tau zoo tshaj plaws thiab tau siv los pab tib neeg txiav kev haus luam yeeb yog kev tshem tawm kev haus luam yeeb - hais txog kev ntshaw mus los. E-luam yeeb thiab nicotine ntawm cov pos hniav thiab cov nplais nplaum Tus neeg sawv cev yog qhov sib txawv. Nws ua raws li kev paub ntawm kev haus luam yeeb thiab tuaj yeem muab cov haus luam yeeb nrog nicotine, tab sis tsis nthuav tawm cov neeg siv thiab lwm tus neeg haus luam yeeb ntawm cov yeeb tshuaj ib txwm muaj.

Qhov kev pom zoo hauv kev paub txog e-luam yeeb yog tias txawm hais tias e-luam yeeb tsis muaj kev pheej hmoo tag nrho, lawv tsis muaj kev phom sij ntau dua li cov luam yeeb. "Pab Pawg Muab Kev Haus Luam Yeeb Cochrane" tau hais tias "cov pov thawj uas twb muaj lawm qhia tau hais tias e-luam yeeb thiab lwm yam kev hloov pauv cov pa luam yeeb muaj cov muaj feem yuav ua rau muaj kev txiav luam yeeb zoo tshaj plaws." Jamie Hartmann-Boyce tau hais. Nws kuj tseem yog ib qho ntawm cov sau tseem ceeb ntawm cov kev tshawb fawb tshiab.

Ntau cov kev tshawb fawb lees paub: 1.3 lab cov neeg hauv tebchaws Askiv tau dhau los txiav luam yeeb nrog e-luam yeeb

Qhov tseeb, ntxiv rau Cochrane, ntau lub koom haum muaj ntaub ntawv pov thawj kho mob hauv ntiaj teb tau hloov mus rau cov npe uas muaj feem ntawm "e-luam yeeb kev txiav luam yeeb zoo dua" nyob rau ntau qib.

Cov kws tshawb nrhiav los ntawm New York University hauv Tebchaws Asmeskas tau pom tias piv nrog cov neeg siv tsis tau siv e-luam yeeb, kev siv e-luam yeeb txhua hnub tuaj yeem pab cov neeg haus luam yeeb hauv lub sijhawm luv (

Thaum nyuam qhuav pib lub xyoo dhau los, kev kawm ywj siab los ntawm University College London (University College London) taw qhia tias e-luam yeeb pab 50,000 txog 70,000 tus neeg haus luam yeeb hauv tebchaws Askiv kom txiav luam yeeb txhua xyoo. Cov ntaub ntawv tshiab tshaj tawm los ntawm Lub Tsev Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv hauv tebchaws Askiv tseem qhia tias tsawg kawg 1.3 lab cov tib neeg tau txiav luam yeeb tag nrho vim tias e-luam yeeb.

Cov kev tshawb fawb ntsuam xyuas los ntawm University College London hauv thoob ntiaj teb kev tshaj lij xov xwm kev kawm txuj ci tau qhia tias e-luam yeeb tau pab tsawg kawg 50,000 cov neeg haus luam yeeb hauv tebchaws Askiv kom txiav luam yeeb ntse hauv ib xyoos.

Hais txog kev txhawj xeeb ntawm cov pej xeem txog kev phom sij ntawm cov luam yeeb e-luam yeeb, John Britton, tus xibfwb Emeritus of Respiratory Medicine ntawm University of Nottingham, UK tau hais tias: "Qhov kev cuam tshuam ntev rau kev nyab xeeb ntawm e-luam yeeb yuav tsum muaj pov thawj ntev, tab sis tag nrho cov ntawv pov thawj tam sim no qhia tau hais tias txhua qhov kev mob tshwm sim mus ntev ntawm cov luam yeeb e-luam yeeb me dua li luam yeeb me me. "

Ua ntej thiab tom qab ob xyoos ntawm kev taug qab, tsis muaj pov thawj pom tias hluav taws xob luam yeeb tau tsim kev puas tsuaj rau tib neeg lub cev.


Lub sij hawm tshaj tawm: Lub Ib Hlis-14-2021